Question: What Is The Best Ethical Theory?

What are the 3 major ethical theories?

These three theories of ethics (utilitarian ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics) form the foundation of normative ethics conversations.

It is important, however, that public relations professionals also understand how to apply these concepts to the actual practice of the profession..

What is the most common and recognized ethical theory?

In fact, the theorems of formal ethics could be seen as a largest common subset of most widely recognized ethical theories, in that none of its axioms (with the possible exception of rationality) is controversial among philosophers of ethics.

What is a ethical theory?

Theoretical ethics—or ethical theory—is the systematic effort to understand moral concepts and justify moral principles and theories. Applied ethics deals with controversial moral problems, such as questions about the morality of abortion, premarital sex, capital punishment, euthanasia, and animal rights.

What are the 10 work ethics?

The ten work ethic traits: appearance, attendance, attitude, character, communication, cooperation, organizational skills, productivity, respect and teamwork are defined as essential for student success and are listed below.

27) define normative ethics as “theories of ethics that are concerned with the norms, standards or criteria that define principles of ethical behaviour.” The most common examples of normative ethical theories are utilitarianism, Kantian duty-based ethics (deontology), and divine command theory, which are described …

What are the 8 ethical principles?

The principles are beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice; truth-telling and promise-keeping.

What are the problems with utilitarianism?

Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. We can imagine instances where a certain course of action would produce great benefits for society, but they would be clearly unjust.

What are the pros and cons of utilitarianism?

List of the Cons of UtilitarianismWe do not consider any other element besides happiness. … It creates an unrealistic perspective for society. … Utilitarianism can be unpredictable. … It also relies on people making consistent decisions. … Utilitarianism relies on multiple definitions of happiness.More items…•

What are ethical tools?

An ethical tool is a practical method and/or conceptual framework with. the main purpose of helping the user(s) improve their ethical delibera- tions in order to reach an ethically informed judgment or decision.1.

What are the 6 universal ethical standards?

Based on the convergence of the three sources of standards, six universal moral values for corporate codes of ethics are proposed including: (1) trustworthiness; (2) respect; (3) responsibility; (4) fairness; (5) caring; and (6) citizenship.

Why utilitarianism is the best?

Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. … Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).

What is the best way to approach ethics?

Approaches to the Study of Ethics. Ethical issues are ones that involve the way things “should be” rather than the way things are. Ethics involve discussions of moral obligations, but do not necessarily hinge on religious overtones. The first step in discussing ethical issues is to get all the facts.

What are the 4 ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

What are the 5 ethical approaches?

Five Basic Approaches to Ethical Decision-MakingThe Rights Approach. … The Utilitarian Approach. … The Virtue Approach. … The Fairness (or Justice) Approach. … The Common Good Approach. … The Utilitarian Approach. … The Rights Approach. … The Virtue Approach.

What are the six ethical theories?

Here, we take a brief look at (1) utilitarianism, (2) deontology, (3) social justice and social contract theory, and (4) virtue theory. We are leaving out some important perspectives, such as general theories of justice and “rights” and feminist thought about ethics and patriarchy.

Why is utilitarianism wrong?

Utilitarianism seems to require punishing the innocent in certain circumstances, such as these. It is wrong to punish an innocent person, because it violates his rights and is unjust. … Utilitarianism requires that one commit unjust actions in certain situations, and because of this it is fundamentally flawed.

What are the two main branches of ethical theories?

Normative ethics– branch of ethics that analyzes which actions are right and wrong. Descriptive ethics– a branch of ethics that analyzes people’s beliefs about value. And applied ethics– a branch of ethics that uses normative ethical theories to evaluate and prescribe actions in specific situations and contexts.